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Issue № 99. August 2023

Cybernetic Planning in the System of Environmental and Economic Security

Elena N. Veduta, Grigor A. Eritsyan

Elena N. Veduta
DSc (Economics), Professor, Head of Department of Strategic Planning and Economic Policy, School of Public Administration, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
E-mail: Veduta@spa.msu.ru

Grigor A. Eritsyan
Postgraduate student, School of Public Administration, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
E-mail: eri.nune2010@yandex.ru 

The article examines the main causes of the global threat to the environment and overpopulation, analyzes various approaches that determine the causes of the overpopulation problem and natural resources irrational use, as well as measures aimed at solving them. The evaluation of proposals and practical measures taken by states and corporations to combat the environmental problem has been carried out, as well as their own proposals aimed at solving environmental problems in the direction of increasing public welfare have been developed. The aim of the article is to substantiate the need for cybernetic economic planning that coordinates the activities of states and corporations to ensure environmental protection and rational use of natural resources. The article raises the problem of the need to rethink the essential methods of solving economic and environmental problems through the use of general scientific research methods and dialectical materialism. Within the framework of the study, a comparative analysis of Malthusianism and Marxism in solving environmental problems is carried out, the key difference between which is the different attitude of the authors to the reproduction of the population and the capitalist method of economic production. Further, the influence of the Malthusianism theory on the formation of reports on solving problems of economics and ecology in various international analytical centers (the Club of Rome) is noted. As part of the further analysis of solving environmental and economic security problems, the tools of the “green” course are analyzed with the addition of critical assessments by foreign and domestic researchers and experts. Considering retrospective analysis, Soviet and Western approaches to solving environmental and economic problems, the authors come to the expediency of introducing a cybernetic planning model, which contributes, among other things, to strengthening state control over economic production capable of harming the environment.

Keywords

Economic security, “green” course, globalization, socially oriented economy, strategic economic planning, economic cybernetics.

DOI: 10.24412/2070-1381-2023-99-175-187

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