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Issue № 95. December 2022

Management Mechanisms of Spatial Development of the Ural Federal District Regional Innovative Systems: Possibilities of Transformation

Aleksandr S. Voronov, Mikhail S. Arbatskiy, Stepan S. Sergeev

Aleksandr S. Voronov
DSc (Economics), Associate Professor, School of Public Administration, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
E-mail: voronov@spa.msu.ru
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-0058-9217

Mikhail S. Arbatskiy
PhD applicant, School of Public Administration, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
E-mail: algenubi81@mail.ru
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4188-1898

Stepan S. Sergeev
Research Intern, School of Public Administration, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
E-mail: sergeevss@spa.msu.ru 
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-7872-0193

An urgent problem of the Russian national economy — the lack of effective mechanisms that would ensure sustainable innovative development of Russian regions — has worsened due to the complication of macroeconomic conditions. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the possibilities of managing the spatial development of regional innovation systems in the federal subjects of the Ural Federal District. The research is based on the author’s methods, including the ones for assessing human capital and innovative and entrepreneurial potential of a region. The overall results of the assessment of the regional innovative climate are as follows: among the studied regions, Sverdlovsk Region has the most favorable innovative climate, characterized by a high level of scientific and inventive activity; Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug — Yugra received lower ratings for its innovative climate because the region lacks sufficient incentives to switch from resource-based to innovative development strategy; the innovative climate of Kurgan Region has the worst estimates due to the low standard of living and insufficient development of its innovative and entrepreneurial potential. In order for these federal subjects to improve their innovative climate, the following changes in  the management of the spatial development of their regional innovation systems were proposed: a system of regional stimulators, directions of cluster policy implementation for the development of innovative clusters, a digital platform for strategic innovative development. The results obtained can be applied by the public authorities of the considered regions in the management of their spatial, innovative, socio-economic development; the presented set of methods can be extended to all federal subjects of Russia and subsequently used to create a model of sustainable regional innovative development.

Keywords

Sustainable innovative development, spatial development, regional innovation system, innovative climate, human capital, innovative potential, entrepreneurial potential, Ural Federal District, Sverdlovsk Region, Kurgan Region, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug — Yugra.

 

DOI: 10.24412/2070-1381-2022-95-124-143

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