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Issue № 88. October 2021

Russian Monotowns: Factors of Socio-Political Conflicts Extension

Ekaterina A. Panova, Eugenia V. Andryushina

Ekaterina A. Panova
PhD in Sociology, Associate Professor, School of Public Administration, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
E-mail: Panova@spa.msu.ru
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-8119-1299

Eugenia V. Andryushina
PhD in Politics, Associate Professor, School of Public Administration, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
E-mail: eugenie80@mail.ru
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2443-5677

The article is devoted to the factors of emergence and escalation of socio-political conflicts in modern Russian monotowns, the quality of life in which largely depends on the quality of functioning of the city-forming enterprises. In monotowns, a unique management situation has historically developed, when a city-forming enterprise contains urban social infrastructure facilities, it is responsible for their condition to all groups of the city’s population, regardless of their employment or unemployment at this enterprise. The authors propose their own typology of factors of socio-political conflicts, represented by some groups (economic, specificity of the political regional process, social well-being of residents in single-industry towns, a model of interaction between counterparties and features of state policy for the development of monotowns) as well as recommendations for solving the problems of monotowns development, which are associated with the creation of a more balanced model of interaction between local, regional authorities and the federal political and managerial elite for the development of monotowns with a mandatory increase in the financial and administrative capabilities of local elites and at the same time fixing federal/regional financial assistance to monotowns cities for implementing social obligations in case of local budgets deficit, expanding the interaction of all counterparties of monotowns in solving specific problems of a particular settlement, increasing the effectiveness of state policy for the development of monotowns by optimizing the political, administrative, institutional, financial blocks, adjusting youth and educational state policies, and generally optimizing the employment policy in this type of Russian territorial units.

Keywords

Typology of conflicts, socio-political conflicts, increasing the efficiency of state policy, monotowns, state policy for the development of monotowns.

DOI: 10.24412/2070-1381-2021-88-134-145

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