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Issue № 88. October 2021

Methodology for Constructing Indices of Child Well-Being for Monitoring Children’s State in the Framework of Implementing the Decade of Childhood in Russia

Irina E. Kalabikhina, Zarina G. Kazbekova

Irina E. Kalabikhina
DSc (Economics), Professor, Faculty of Economics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
E-mail: ikalabikhina@yandex.ru
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3958-6630

Zarina G. Kazbekova
Postgraduate Student, Faculty of Economics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
E-mail: kazbekova.zarina@bk.ru
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-7567-3184

The study focuses on the methodology for assessing the level of child well-being. Based on the directions of the Plan of Priority Actions until 2027 for the implementation of the Decade of Childhood programme, following the recommendations of UNICEF experts, using the available and several planned new indicators, a multidimensional index of child well-being and an index of subjective child well-being have been developed to assess the situation of children and adolescents in Russia as a whole and in the Russian regions. The article summarizes international experience in constructing such indices, outlines the principles and the algorithm for developing indices of child well-being within the framework of the Decade of Childhood programme, presents the structures of the two indices, and a construction of the index of child well-being using Rosstat census, current account and sample survey data. We test the child well-being index using two methods: based on averaging the ranks of the regions and on calculating z-scores. Comparable ratings of the regions according to the child well-being index have been obtained. The indices are based on the principle of considering different types of results of implementing the Decade of Childhood programme to highlight the most important outcomes that should become key in assessing the situation of children, the emphasis was placed on child interest’s priority. In addition to developing and published statistical indicators, the article proposes perspective indicators that will improve the assessment of child well-being. According to the authors, the developed indices will allow not only to track the effectiveness of activities carried out within the framework of the Decade of Childhood, but also to monitor the situation of children and adolescents in various spheres of life in the Russian regions.

Keywords

Child well-being index, children, Russian regions, monitoring of state of children, subjective well-being.

DOI: 10.24412/2070-1381-2021-88-52-78

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