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Issue № 87. August 2021

Some Results of Far Eastern Federal District Social and Economic Development in 2012–2020

Ludmila K. Matveeva, Ilya I. Nikiforov

Ludmila K. Matveeva
PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Strategic Planning and Economic Policy, School of Public Administration, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
E-mail: Matveeva3@spa.msu.ru
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-2740-6687

Ilya I. Nikiforov
Postgraduate student, Department of Strategic Planning and Economic Policy, School of Public Administration, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
E-mail: ilya_yes92@mail.ru

The Russian Far East is a geostrategic territory designed to provide free economic access for Russia to the developing Asia-Pacific region. The implementation of this task is possible only if the processes of territories development in the Russian Far East are synchronized with neighboring states through the use of their competitive advantages of doing business in the field of logistics, agriculture, mining and processing of minerals. Understanding of these processes led the federal government to creating selective measures of state support for their development. This study is devoted to the problems of the existing imbalances in the Far Eastern Federal District socio-economic development. In the article authors analyze the state of economy in the federal district just before the Ministry for the Russian Far East development was created. The article highlights the success that was achieved, including the reduction of the able-bodied population outflow, and provides examples of certain problem areas in the development of the Russian Far East. At the same time, the authors consider various approaches to the development of such lagging territories within the framework of foreign and domestic studies, and formulate preliminary results of state activities effectiveness for the Russian Far East development.

Keywords

The Russian Far East, regional policy, social development, economic development, priority territories, regional growth factors, factor analysis.

DOI: 10.24412/2070-1381-2021-87-113-128

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