Issue № 83. December 2020
Society and Atomic Industry Enterprises Information Interests: Experience of Conflicts
Nikolay V. Gorin, Аleksey А. Ekidin, Svetlana V. Nechaeva, Olga S. Golovikhina
Nikolay V. Gorin — PhD, Russian Federal Nuclear Center — Academician E.I. Zababakhin All-Russian Research Institute of Technical Physics, Snezhinsk, Russian Federation.
ORCID ID: 0000-0001-7468-1492
Аleksey А. Ekidin — PhD, Institute of Industrial Ecology of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation.
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-1204-5949
Svetlana V. Nechaeva — PhD, Associate Professor, Chelyabinsk Branch of Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation.
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3400-8628
Olga S. Golovikhina — State Atomic Energy Corporation ROSATOM, Moscow, Russian Federation.
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-2552-4586
The atomic industry is one of the most effective in Russian economy. The main result which has been achieved by it is 75 years of peaceful life. The article considers interaction between the society and the atomic industry enterprises during the last years with special attention to periodically appearing conflicts between small groups of people and enterprises of the atomic industry. Analyzing such conflicts, a typical scenario of such a conflict and the role of each participant was shown. The majority of people practically do not participate in these conflicts, as far as they have not defined their attitude to the use of radiation and nuclear materials. Inertia existing in this majority is advantageous for the small-numbered concerned public as it helps to maintain strong resistance to operation of the nuclear power facilities. One of examples of the concerned people activity was demonstrated, and it was shown that only supporting their reasons by the facts, which they are unaware of, or they withhold, it can be possible to conceive a true picture. Low ecological and radiation safety level of the population awareness was stated. Great scientific potential would be appropriate for use to mitigate the local conflicts. Interaction between specialists and wider public is inevitable and necessary for the development of the atomic engineering, liquidation of nuclear legacy and implementation of high technologies. Substantiation of the awareness-building efforts involving the public is proposed to make a positive image of the atomic industry and to support it. As a result, directions of activity were proposed for improving the ecological and radiation competence of the population.
Сoncerned public, recognized groups of people, atomic engineering, radiation competence, nuclear legacy.
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