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Issue № 81. August 2020

Development of Human Capital through the Prism of Historical and Cultural Factor

Irina V. Kuptsova, Lidia S. Leontieva

Irina V. Kuptsova — DSc (History), Professor of the Department of Regional and Municipal Management, School of Public Administration, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation. 
E-mail: Kupcova@spa.msu.ru

Lidia S. Leontieva — DSc (Economics), Professor of the Department of Regional and Municipal Management, School of Public Administration, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation. 
E-mail: Leontieva@spa.msu.ru

Human capital is essential for economic growth. One of the key factors determining the trajectory and dynamics of its development is the cultural and historical factor. The purpose of the article is to analyze human capital through the prism of the cultural and historical factor influence on it. Human and cultural capital is complimentary. Recognizing the influence of the cultural and historical factor on the formation and development of human capital, it can be considered appropriate to use the parameters for assessing cultural capital in assessing human capital. Quantitative parameters will allow making a cut of the current state of human capital: the volume of budgeting in the sphere of culture, science, education, and the dynamics of changes in budget expenditures; research and development expenditures in gross national income, individual expenditures on cultural goods; density of cultural infrastructure — the number of cultural monuments (museums, galleries, cinemas, concert halls) as well as the dynamics of their number growth; education (number of people with higher education); number of researchers; number of cultural industries, etc. Qualitative indicators are largely related to the uniqueness of the national culture. They are greatly influenced by ethnic codes and national character. The combined indicators will make it possible to assess the existing potential of human capital and calculate the degree of individual cultural factors influence on the possibilities of its development.

Keywords

Human capital, cultural capital, theory of cultural capital, complementarity of human and cultural capital, measurement parameters, historical and cultural factor.

DOI: 10.24411/2070-1381-2019-10088

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