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Issue № 81. August 2020

Macro-Regional System of Development Institutions as a Factor of Transborder Relations of the Russian Far East

Anton А. Kireev, Ivan N. Zolotukhin, Anastasia O. Lyovushkina

Anton А. Kireev — PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Oriental Institute — School of Regional and International Studies, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russian Federation.
E-mail: antalkir@yandex.ru

Ivan N. Zolotukhin — PhD, Associate Professor, Department of International Relations, Oriental Institute — School of Regional and International Studies, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russian Federation. 
E-mail: zolivnik@mail.ru

Anastasia O. Lyovushkina — Senior Lecturer, Department of Political Science, Oriental Institute — School of Regional and International Studies, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russian Federation.
E-mail: lyovajr@mail.ru

The selective policy of socio-economic development implemented in the Russian Far East for more than five years is still the subject of acute discussions among scientists and experts. Based on various econometric methods for evaluating the current investment and fiscal results of Far Eastern development institutions, researchers often draw conclusions about the low effectiveness and even fundamental fallacy of this policy. In this article, the authors consider the functioning of the macro-regional system of development institutions in a broader time (2010–2025) and spatial (East Asian countries) horizon, taking into account factors of non-economic origin, and in particular the phenomenon of dual (intra- and transborder) peripherality of the Russian Far East. The conducted historical and comparative analysis allows us to characterize the federal policy in the Far East after 2014 as a course objectively forced and formed in its basis by several strict exogenous restrictions. Selective policy in the Far Eastern Federal District was initially provoked by increase in international political tension and decrease in the investment opportunities of the Russian budget and is carried out under constant pressure from high production costs and limited demographic potential of the macroregion. At the same time, the authors conclude that many problems of attracting resources from East Asian markets and strengthening their developing “dynamic” effect in the Far East are exogenous for the system of development institutions and should be removed by changing its territorial composition, regulatory and managerial structure and the way of functional integration into the socio-economic environment of East Asia.

Keywords

Selective policy, development institutions, transborder relations, Russian Far East, East Asia.

DOI: 10.24411/2070-1381-2019-10079

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