2023 96 97 98 99 100 101
2022 90 91 92 93 94 95
2021 84 85 86 87 88 89
2020 78 79 80 81 82 83
2019 72 73 74 75 76 77
2018 66 67 68 69 70 71
2017 60 61 62 63 64 65
2016 54 55 56 57 58 59
2015 48 49 50 51 52 53
2014 42 43 44 45 46 47
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Issue № 80. June 2020

Life Expectancy and Mortality Rates as Indicators of Public Health in the Regions of Ural Federal District

Anastasia L. Kitova

Postgraduate student, Department of Political Analysis, School of Public Administration, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Health at all times has been considered one of the core values of human life. Today, public health issues are of particular relevance. Among other indicators characterizing the state of health, demographic indicators are used today. Mortality is one of such indicators; the structure of mortality by main classes and causes makes it possible to assess the scale of population losses depending on certain diseases. Public health, being a factor of economic growth, acquires special significance in the context of regional and spatial development. The article discusses mortality rates in the regions of the Urals Federal District: six subjects of Russia (four regions: Tyumen, Sverdlovsk, Kurgan, Chelyabinsk) and two autonomous districts (Yamalo-Nenets and Khanty-Mansiysk — Ugra), including mortality from diseases of the circulatory system, neoplasms and external reasons, as well as indicators of life expectancy for each region in the context of data on urban and rural territories for men and women. It was established that there is a significant differentiation of regional indicators within the district. Today, Russia's lag in life expectancy from developed and post-socialist states is significant. This trend is also relevant for the regions of the Ural Federal District. An urgent and strategically important impact on social development is the development of preventive measures to prevent many socially significant diseases and the formation of a population’s commitment to a healthy lifestyle. Citizens' understanding of health value and importance of a responsible attitude to it, together with state investments in human capital, create a synergistic effect for the sustainable development of the territory.


Ural Federal District, life span, incidence, mortality, public health, human capital.

DOI: 10.24411/2070-1381-2020-10071

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