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Issue № 80. June 2020

Life Expectancy and Mortality Rates as Indicators of Public Health in the Regions of Ural Federal District

Anastasia L. Kitova

Postgraduate student, Department of Political Analysis, School of Public Administration, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
E-mail: kitovaal@spa.msu.ru

Health at all times has been considered one of the core values of human life. Today, public health issues are of particular relevance. Among other indicators characterizing the state of health, demographic indicators are used today. Mortality is one of such indicators; the structure of mortality by main classes and causes makes it possible to assess the scale of population losses depending on certain diseases. Public health, being a factor of economic growth, acquires special significance in the context of regional and spatial development. The article discusses mortality rates in the regions of the Urals Federal District: six subjects of Russia (four regions: Tyumen, Sverdlovsk, Kurgan, Chelyabinsk) and two autonomous districts (Yamalo-Nenets and Khanty-Mansiysk — Ugra), including mortality from diseases of the circulatory system, neoplasms and external reasons, as well as indicators of life expectancy for each region in the context of data on urban and rural territories for men and women. It was established that there is a significant differentiation of regional indicators within the district. Today, Russia's lag in life expectancy from developed and post-socialist states is significant. This trend is also relevant for the regions of the Ural Federal District. An urgent and strategically important impact on social development is the development of preventive measures to prevent many socially significant diseases and the formation of a population’s commitment to a healthy lifestyle. Citizens' understanding of health value and importance of a responsible attitude to it, together with state investments in human capital, create a synergistic effect for the sustainable development of the territory.

Keywords

Ural Federal District, life span, incidence, mortality, public health, human capital.

DOI: 10.24411/2070-1381-2019-10071

Comments:
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