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Issue № 79. April 2020

Structural Changes in Regulating Development of Oil and Gas Fields on the US Shelf

Boris M. Malashenkov, Linar I. Akchurin

Boris M. Malashenkov — PhD, School of Public Administration, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
E-mail: malashenkow@mail.ru

Linar I. Akchurin — postgraduate student, School of Public Administration, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
E-mail: al89151231818@gmail.com

Oil and gas operations on the shelf, despite the increased attention from government agencies, operator companies and the public to compliance with safety regulations, control and supervision of all stages of field development and continuous improvement of technological processes, remain a rather unpredictable type of economic activity. During its formation and development, the world's offshore oil production has experienced many accidents and catastrophes, showing that offshore drilling is by its nature a rather risky operation and safety guarantees are not absolutely certain. After the accident at the Deepwater Horizon oil production platform in the Gulf of Mexico, mandatory rules and conditions for allowing companies to operate on the shelf are prescribed at the legislative level in the United States. Many previous technical and procedural requirements have been revised, as well as the functions of state control and supervision of offshore oil and gas operations related to environmental protection, licensing, and collection of oil revenues have been reallocated. This is primarily due to existing and planned projects for the development of oil and gas resources on the shelf, as well as a sufficient extensive practice of state regulation of oil and gas companies on the Arctic shelf of the United States, where the admission of oil and gas companies to work on the continental shelf is impossible without compliance with environmental and production requirements. The experience of state regulation of the development of oil and gas fields on the US shelf can also be useful for the Russian Federation in terms of further improving the work in the field of safe development of oil and gas fields on the Arctic shelf.

Keywords

Arctic, oil production, shelf, oil spill, environmental risk.

DOI: 10.24411/2070-1381-2020-10048

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