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Issue № 79. April 2020

Geopolitical Confrontation over Crimea: Technologies and Tools

Natalya I. Kharitonova, Zaur R. Gapizov

Natalya I. Kharitonova — DSc (Political Sciences), Associate Professor, Department of History of the New Independent States, Faculty of History, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation. 
E-mail: natahari@yandex.ru

Zaur R. Gapizov — PhD applicant, Department of History of the New Independent States, Faculty of History, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation. 
E-mail: 9605051@mail.ru

The article is devoted to an urgent problem in the framework of international geopolitical discourse — it analyzes the nature of geopolitical confrontation between global and regional geopolitical players over the Crimean Peninsula in the period of 2014–2019. The study is based on a geopolitical approach, in particular, the sections of the geopolitics theory that study its tactical level, which is an operational space for testing and using geopolitical technologies and tools. The authors consider the most frequently used geopolitical technologies and tools, as well as the country specifics of their application, Russia's policy in resolving the “Crimean issue”, geopolitical technologies and instruments of Western influence on Russia in the context of this issue. The article highlights and analyzes three consecutive and qualitatively different stages of a conflict between the West and Russia since the “Crimean issue” emergence in 2014. The authors base on the fact that Crimea is a strategically important region for ensuring Russia's national security. Despite the fact that Washington and Brussels failed to fully implement the line of “isolating Russia from the world,” the consequences of Joining of Crimea and Sevastopol turned out to be very sensitive for the Russian Federation. The authors concluded that Russia was not ready for the political and economic consequences of the Crimea conflict and state that it is necessary to develop fundamentally new approaches and tools for effectively countering Russia's geopolitical opponents and ensuring an effective foreign policy of the state in order to solve the “Crimean issue”.

Keywords

“Crimean issue”, Crimea, Russia, West, geopolitical conflict, geopolitical technologies and tools.

DOI: 10.24411/2070-1381-2020-10055

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