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Issue № 78. February 2020

Image of Russia in Greece National Education

Olga E. Petrunina

DSc. (History), Professor, Historical Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University; Leading Researcher, Institute of Slavic Studies of RAS, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Passing through the education system, a modern person acquires not only knowledge, but also a complex of values and ideas about the world. In Greece, this knowledge, values and ideas are generally the same for the whole country thanks to a single line of school textbooks in all subjects. The purpose of this article is to investigate what image of Russia is formed in the younger generation of Greeks by the end of school. For this, the author analyzed the current textbooks in all subjects for the entire period of study. The references and information about Russia and Russians contained in them were systematized and divided into thematic blocks that make up a general idea of the country: the geography of Russia, music culture, literature and art, Russian science, Russia in world history. The general attitude of the authors of textbooks to Russia is determined by the desire to follow the general principles and values of the European Union, which financed (75%) the creation of a new generation of textbooks, as well as the traditional idea of the exceptional historical role of the Greek nation. In addition, textbooks contain errors and outdated data, and controversial subjects are often interpreted not in favor of Russia. As a result, the image of the country turns out to be unclear and not completely objective. This fact is especially noticeable in textbooks on history and religious education, in which the role of Russia in world history is distorted. The Greeks have little idea of the contribution of Russians to world science, music and art culture. They know best of all the most popular Russian writers in the world — Dostoevsky, Tolstoy and Chekhov.


National education systems, image of Russia, education in Greece, a new generation of textbooks, education management, Russian-Greek relations. 

DOI: 10.24411/2070-1381-2020-10042

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