2021 84          
2020 78 79 80 81 82 83
2019 72 73 74 75 76 77
2018 66 67 68 69 70 71
2017 60 61 62 63 64 65
2016 54 55 56 57 58 59
2015 48 49 50 51 52 53
2014 42 43 44 45 46 47
2013 36 37 38 39 40 41
2012 30 31 32 33 34 35
Submit your article

Issue № 78. February 2020

State Policy for Transport Biofuel Industry Development in the European Union

Maksim S. Golovin, Olga V. Kudryavtseva

Maksim S. Golovin — postgraduate student, Faculty of Economics, Department of Agricultural Economics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation.

Olga V. Kudryavtseva — DSc (Economics), Professor, Faculty of Economics, Department of Environmental Economics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation.

The relevance of biofuel industry study is determined by increasing attention to the growing trend of greenhouse gas emissions, primarily carbon dioxide, and its relationship with the exacerbation of global warming and climate change problem. Developed counties have been implementing state programmes aimed at creating low-carbon economy for several decades. The most successful countries in this area are the EU countries.
Using a system analysis, the authors examine the tools of state regulation of transport biofuels production and consumption in the EU, highlight the main tools and note the absence of such analogues in the Russian Federation. The research shows complexity and diversity of economic effects that arise in close spheres as a result of biofuel development. The positive results are reducing of greenhouse gas emission by transport sector, diversification of energy supply, agricultural sector and wastes utilization developing. The negative results are negative effects in the structure of land-use, i.e. conversion of natural ecosystems to agricultural goals, growth of human influence on the environment.
The results of the economic and mathematical assessment of introducing a mandatory norm for the volume of biofuel in fuel mixtures in the Russian Federation indicate positive economic effects, which include a reduction in carbon dioxide emissions in the field of road transport. Moreover, it is noted that in the midterm biofuel development is limited without system state policy. The main constraining factors are that Russia has enough traditional energy recourses, greenhouse gas emission policy isn’t sufficiently developed, production of transport biofuel is much more expensive than petrol and diesel.


Transport biofuels, energy, biofuels, alternative energy, government regulation of the energy sector.

DOI: 10.24411/2070-1381-2020-10034

No material published in this journal may be reproduced in print or in electronic form without a link to "E-journal. Public Administrarion".
119991, Room A-710, Shuvalovskiy building, Lomonosov Moscow State University
(27/4, Lomonosovskiy Avenue); phone: +7 (495) 930-85-71
Copyright © 2015 SPA MSU