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Issue № 77. December 2019

Factors Contributing to the Development of Human Trafficking Industry in Russia and in the World

Yulia A. Siluyanova

Postgraduate student, School of Public Administration, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
E-mail: Zernovaju@gmail.com

Human trafficking in the modern world is a phenomenon with deep social roots, it affects the most vulnerable social groups. International society considers it as a tough crime against rights and freedoms of people. Trafficking as a phenomenon can’t be analyzed only by the means of criminalistics and law. For deeper understanding it is necessary to apply interdisciplinary approach which takes into account cultural, social and economic factors. 
Trafficking is one of the most profitable types of criminal business, and due to shortcomings in the legislation and lack of practice in law enforcement, the risks for criminals remain relatively low. Thus, trafficking industry tends to have profits. Moreover, we don’t have enough scientific researches in this area to evaluate the market of trafficking.
In this paper, using statistical data, international organizations reports, criminal cases and interviews with a spokesperson of Russian enforcement authorities we consider the basic concepts, classification of crimes of this kind, as well as reveal the economic aspects of trafficking and a set of reasons that contribute to the development of this criminal industry on the example of Russia and other countries. Having revealed vulnerabilities, we offer a set of measures which can allow studying trafficking phenomenon better and countering it at international and national levels more effectively.

Keywords

Human trafficking, modern slavery, migration, hidden migration, international crime, shadow economy, criminal economy, human rights, inequality, globalization. 

DOI: 10.24411/2070-1381-2019-10019

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