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Issue № 77. December 2019

Large Family Features in the Capital: State Regulation Specifics

Nina E. Rusanova, Elena K. Zhuravleva

Nina E. Rusanova — DSc (Economics), Associate Professor, Leading Researcher, Institute of Socio-Economic Studies of Population of the Russian Academy of Sciences (ISESP RAS), Moscow, Russian Federation.
E-mail: ninrus238@mail.ru 

Elena K. Zhuravleva — President of the Charity Fund for Social Development, Moscow, Russian Federation; Expert of the Russian public organization «National Parent Association of Social Support of the Family and Protection of Family Values», Moscow, Russian Federation.
E-mail: 777.74@mail.ru

In recent years, Moscow has been strengthening the trend of absolute and relative growth of large families, contrary to the global trend of demographic development of highly urbanized territories. This makes it necessary to analyze the problems of regulation of many children in the multi-million capital center in the context of opportunities to increase the birth rate. In the article, using data obtained from official statistical sources and surveys of Moscow students and large families in 2015–2018, as well as information from forums and websites of regional associations of large families, it is shown that modern large families have a special nature, corresponding to the post-industrial society: several children in the family are born not because of the desire to get additional workers in the individual economy, but because of the internal need for children. This motive dominates in Moscow, where neither the layout of housing, nor the organization of territory, nor the labor market are adapted for large families. The main direction of state regulation of large families in Russia, as in the European Union, remains a policy aimed at maintaining the welfare of children in such families at a level not lower than the national average. Long-term stable traditions of this policy have led to the fact that the Moscow youth already in the formation of family behavior guidelines considers benefits to large children as a mandatory state aid, and not as an incentive to the birth of several children, and does not seek to have many children. To make the town attractive many children require additional existing support measures targeted information policy, not just advocate large families, but taking into account the changing legal, economic, educational, medical, architectural and town-planning norms in the direction of the development of the urban environment "friendly" to families with children. The regulatory factor may be the institutionalization of the category "large family" at the federal legal level, as it is done in some European countries.

Keywords

Large family, state support, opinion polls, focus groups, matrimonial landmarks.

DOI: 10.24411/2070-1381-2019-10028

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