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Issue № 74. June 2019

Border Policy in the Cycles of the Russian Far East History: Retrospective and Forecast

Anton А. Kireev

PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Oriental Institute — School of Regional and International Studies, Far Eastern Federal University, Vladivostok, Russian Federation.
E-mail: antalkir@yandex.ru

Borderlineness and peripherality of the Russian Far East (RFE) throughout its history have had a significant impact on economic development of the macroregion. Transformed by state policy, this impact has generated a special form of economic dynamics — institutional cycles. In this work, the author aims to determine the place and role of border policy in the cycles genesis of the RFE economic history, as well as to evaluate application of various models of this policy to achieve the macroregion’s targets for the period up to 2025. The article proposes a method of studying the internal structure of three types of the RFE cyclic dynamics — the economic cycles, the cycles of regional policy, and the cycles of border policy. Based on this method, a retrospective analysis of the phases of the RFE history economic cycles and the phases of dynamics (the models) of the regional and border policies chronologically correlating with them is carried out. The obtained synchronistic periodization of three types of pre-revolutionary cycles and Soviet history of the RFE is used to identify common and special features of its economic and political dynamics in post-Soviet era. In conclusion of the article, based on the results of the Far Eastern history cycles analysis, the author predicts the prospects of the «successive» and the «modernization» models of border policy to achieve the RFE development goals up to 2025.

Keywords

Border, transborder relations, border policy, regional policy, history of the Russian Far East, institutional cycles.

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