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Issue № 71. December 2018

Regulation of Cross-Border Electronic Document Interchange in the Eurasian Economic Union

Andrey E. Shastitko, Anastasia A. Shpakova

Andrey E. Shastitko — DSc. (Economics), Professor, Head of Competition Policy and Industrial Policy Dept. (Lomonosov Moscow State University); Director of the Centre for Studies of Competition and Economic Regulation; Moscow, the Russian Federation.

Anastasia A. Shpakova — Junior Researcher, the Centre for Studies of Competition and Economic Regulation (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration); Lomonosov Moscow State University; Moscow, the Russian Federation.

The article is devoted to the analysis of cross-border electronic document interchange (EDI) between organizations placed in different countries of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU). There is a lack of integrated research on cross-border EDI, which is becoming a basis for many industries, such as logistics and transit cargo transportation. So the article is addressed to this field.

The purpose of the study is to determine the trajectories of the EDI development in the EAEU member countries, the barriers and prospects for its development in a single economic space. Data sources included the laws and the programs of the EAEU member countries, decisions and projects of the EEC, studies and information surveys on the experience of implementing some EDI projects.

As a result of the study, the legal conditions for the EDI functioning in the EAEU countries were determined and the following main barriers of its development were identified: inadequate level of legislative framework; incompatibility of electronic documents standards; underdevelopment of practical mechanisms for ensuring digital confidence and the difference of digital technologies implementation at national levels. The solution of these problems is one of the key conditions for the further development of cross-border EDI and realization of its advantages.


Cross-border electronic document interchange, EDI, digital trust, paperless workflow, electronic accompanying documents, digital agenda of the EAEC, digital economy

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