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Issue № 70. October 2018

The State Environmental Management in Hydrocarbons Extraction in the Offshore of China

Natalia N. Mitina, Sun Hao, Ekaterina A. Drozdova

Natalia N. Mitina DSc (Geographical Sciences), Professor, School of Public Administration, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, the Russian Federation.

Sun Haopostgraduate student, School of Public Administration, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, the Russian Federation.

Ekaterina A. Drozdovastudent, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University), MFA of Russia, Moscow, the Russian Federation.

With the development of China's economy, demand for hydrocarbons is increasing. After decades of onshore oil and gas exploitation and depletion, the demand and development needs of China's society are unlikely to meet the remaining traditional resources. Alternatively, the importation of large quantities of hydrocarbons poses a threat to the country's energy security. World energy exploration has moved from land to sea, especially to deep-sea areas. Oil and gas reserves in the coastal areas of China and especially in the South China Sea are huge, their production is currently the most promising. The increase in the intensity of production leads to an increase in the number of accidental oil spills and gas leaks in the marine areas, which creates problems for the government, forcing it to adopt laws and regulations governing risk management in the process of hydrocarbon production. Based on the analysis of foreign best practices in preventing and mitigating the consequences of accidents and emergencies occurring in the development of hydrocarbon deposits in the seas, this article proposes measures to improve the risk management system. Methods aimed at minimizing the effects of accidents at oil and gas fields on the marine environment are proposed.


Development of marine oil and gas resources, risk management, emergency situations, environmental protection, legislative base.

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