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Issue № 69. August 2018

On the Problems of the Baikal Region in the Context of Modern Russian Environmental Policy

Irina Yu. Khovavko

DSc (Econ.), Associate professor, Faculty of Economics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, the Russian Federation.
E-mail: hovavko@econ.msu.ru

The complexity of the World Natural Heritage site "Lake Baikal" unified management is associated with a large area, a multi-level administrative division and the presence in its composition of lands for various purposes. The natural resources of Lake Baikal are in the sphere of interests conflict of a) the international community (protection of the World Natural Heritage site), b) local residents who rightly believe that local people should have special rights to the natural resources of the territory and c) tourism business, that has become in recent years the main factor in the ecological degradation of the coastal part of Lake Baikal. The purpose of this article is to analyze and evaluate from the point of view of the sustainable development theory management decisions related to the development of the Baikal natural territory (zoning of territory and the development of mass tourism).

The task of public administration is to ensure the sustainable development of the Baikal region, which implies conservation of the lake's ecosystem and ensuring a decent life for the local population. Zoning of territory and creation of tourist clusters is a part of economic and ecological policy of the state. In the work it is shown that the administrative decisions of the federal center taken without understanding the peculiarities of local life and without taking into account the opinion of the local population do not reflect the interests of the country and the region.

Keywords

Baikal natural territory, nature protection zoning, social capital, ecological conflicts, ecological tourism.

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