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Issue № 69. August 2018

Analysis of the Social Environment Structure for Ensuring Independent Life for People with Disability

Afonkina Yulia Alexandrovna, Zhigunova Galina Vladimirоvna

Afonkina Yulia Alexandrovna — PhD, associate professor, chair of the Department of special pedagogics and special psychology, FSBEE HE "Murmansk Arctic State University", Murmansk, the Russian Federation.
E-mail: julia3141@rambler.ru

Zhigunova Galina Vladimirоvna — DSc (Sociological sciences), associate professor, professor, Department of philosophy and social sciences FSBEE HE "Murmansk Arctic State University", Murmansk, the Russian Federation.
E-mail: galina-zhigunova@yandex.ru

The study of the problem of ensuring the independent life for people with disabilities is caused by the need to optimize inclusive processes in the society. Unfortunately, in modern Russian society the successful inclusion of people with disabilities into the society is hampered by numerous social barriers that restrict access to social resources and the way of life adopted in the community. All this leads to a serious social problem that requires scientific understanding and decision. An important tool in the study of this problem is the analysis of social environment at different levels of social reality in the context of ensuring the independent life for people with disabilities.

The purpose of this work is to identify and present the components of theoretical and empirical analysis of social environment at macro-, meso-and micro-levels of social reality in the context of ensuring the independent life for people with disabilities.

The novelty of the study is related to the creation of a methodology for empirical assessment of the social environment resource possibilities for people with disabilities in terms of ensuring their independent life.

The social environment analysis methodology presented in the article will help to identify the available resources and potential of each environment in the context of overcoming social exclusion and social distance between people with disabilities and the rest of the population.

Keywords

Disability, social inclusion, social environment, accessible environment, social barriers, independent life, local environment, social reality, human necessity.

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