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Issue № 68. June 2018

Geopolitics and Terrorism in the North Caucasus: Consequences of EU-Russia Confrontation/Cooperation and Jihadist Propaganda

Bifolchi Giuliano

PhD student University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy.
E-mail: giuliano.bifolchi@gmail.com

The North Caucasus is a strategic region which has attracted the interest of the Russian Federation, the West and Arab countries. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the area has been affected by Islamist propaganda, ethnic tensions, conflicts, and local insurgency which have caused the rise of the terrorist threat.; nowadays the Islamic State propaganda affects the region and threats its security and stability. Recently, the European Union understood the fundamental role of the North Caucasus in the fight against terrorism; the presence of the North Caucasian Diaspora in Europe, notably the Chechens, and the threat of the return of foreign fighters to their homeland using the North Caucasus as a ‘bridge’ between Europe and the Middle East could be considered as a potential menace to the security of the European Union. For these reasons, the cooperation between Moscow and Brussels in the field of counter-terrorism and security is essential, but it is undermined by EU/Russia confrontation/competition in the area of international relations after the Ukrainian Crisis.

The aim of this paper is to describe the impact of propaganda and strategic communication of terrorist groups in a vital region such as the North Caucasus and the effects of the current EU/Russia cooperation/confrontation in the field of counter-terrorism and security.

Keywords

The North Caucasus, Russia, The European union, The Islamic State, terrorism, Jihadist propaganda, Imarat Kavkaz, strategic communication.

Comments:
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