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Issue № 63. August 2017

Precarious Employment: Diffusion and Socio-demographic Characteristics of Employees

Andrey V. Popov

Junior research associate, Institute of Socio-economic Development of Territories of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vologda, Russian Federation.
E-mail: ai.popov@yahoo.com

Global processes of employment transformation carry, in addition to the positive changes, a number of dangers. One of these threats is the “precarisation” of employment, the most important characteristic of which is shifting of the employment risks to the employee. Typically, this process involves low wages, low job security, legal insecurity, etc., which adversely affects the quality of working life of the population. Despite the attention given to the problems of precarious employment in foreign studies at the end of the XX century, in Russian science the interest to this subject arose only recently. As a result, the issues of the prevalence of the phenomenon in Russia are poorly studied. In this regard, relevant is the assessment of the extent of precarious employment at the regional level and the formation of a socio-demographic portrait of the employee involved. The research was based on the data of monitoring of the qualitative condition of labor potential of the population in the Vologda oblast for the year 2016. The analysis showed that the processes of the employment precarisation are widespread in the region. They affect primarily women, youth, low education and low income category of citizens. The main drivers of precarious employment are the negative conditions of the external environment, the increase of the informal economy and institutional constraints. The data collected allows the development of a system of measures to prevent employment precariousness.

Keywords

Labor market, precarious employment, socio-demographic portrait, precariatisation.

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