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Issue № 63. August 2017

In Search of the Optimal Model of Civil Service Management (The Russian Regions Experience)

George A. Borshchevskiy

Ph.D., Associate Professor, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russian Federation.
E-mail: ga.borshchevskiy@migsu.ranepa.ru

The purpose of the article is to determine to what extent the existing management systems of the regional civil service in Russia contribute to an increase of its efficiency. One of the main tasks of public administration is the provision of social and economic development (SED), and the civil service is the tool for this task. The methodology of the research is based on the analytical model proposed by the author for studying the civil service management in the republics of Russia using the statistical base compiled by the author and calculations of special indices. We assess the effectiveness of the civil service on the basis of the dynamics of its internal development and the indicators of the SED of the subjects of the Russian Federation.

We found out that the number of subjects of management does not have a significant impact on the dynamics of civil service development. The indices of the SED and the development of the civil service of the republics are changing in a mutually contradictory fashion, and the development of the civil service at the federal and regional levels is not coordinated. We theorize that the existing system of civil service management, in which its governing bodies are administered by both the head of the region and by the regional government, is accompanied in a significant proportion of cases by positive changes in the civil service system against the backdrop of the steady growth of the SED indices. In contrast, the regions where the civil service management is fully concentrated in the hands of the head of the republic, the situation is opposite. Thus, the civil service management system is closely related to the organization of political power.

We examined the management system against the backdrop of the dynamics of quantitative indicators of the civil service development and the dynamics of the region’s SED. For the first time we systematized the management bodies of the civil service of the republics within the Russian Federation and compared their functions. Increasing the efficiency of the civil service is an urgent task for all regions and for the country as a whole, therefore, increasing the scientific knowledge of the factors influencing the functioning and management of this institution has not only theoretical but also wide practical application.

Keywords

Civil service, social and economic development (SED), the Russian Federation, index, efficiency.

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