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Issue № 29. December 2011

International Lobbying: an Emerging Political Institute

Varvara M. Vasilieva

Assistant professor, Polytical Analysis Department, School of Public Administration, Lomonosov Moscow State University.
E-mail: varvasik@mail.ru

To become a political institute international lobbying has to acquire most immanent lobbying practices on every stage and every level of global decision-making process. The Institutionalization of international lobbying is connected with the evolution of global political system. Changes in global politics have structural, anti-system character, which make a return to Westphalia system impossible.  So institutionalization’ alternatives are limited to prospective global policy’ evolution and contemporary state of affairs. First alternative splits into 2 trends: transnationalization and regionalization. International lobbying institutionalizes in the form of global corporatism on universal and institutional-group levels, global policy networking, universal pluralism, national and foreign lobbying in the leading country of unicentric world; supranational lobbing in “world region”, or combinations thereof.
Contemporary global state of affairs limits opportunities of international lobbying’ institutionalization to co-existence of 3 global decision-making levels: universal, institutional-group level and individual-group level. The main forms and mechanisms of international lobbying are “diplomatic lobby” and informational lobby, and global decisions implementation campaigns.

Keywords

International lobbying, institutionalization, global political system, regionalism.

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