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Issue №13. December 2007

Evaluations of Health Policy and Social Protection in Japan

Hiroi Yoshinori

Professor, Chiba University, Japan.

Japan’s experience, being very different from that of Western nations, presents unique implications in the context of the design of social security systems, and, regardless of whether it is negative or positive it offers interesting examples useful for studying the themes like the development of social security in transitional economies, as well as social security in developing countries.

In addition, it is necessary to review Japan’s experience from the viewpoint of its rapidly aging population, which has emerged as a result of drastic socioeconomic changes that many developing countries go through, as represented by the sharp decline in the birthrate in the post war era (especially from 1945–1954). The problems of an aging population can be already observed in many Asian countries (e.g. China), and are expected to be also experienced in the future by other countries in Asia. Therefore, Japan’s experience also offers unique perspectives concerning measures to deal with a rapidly aging population.

The author evaluates Japan’s experience in social security with reference to its socioeconomic evolutions, placing it in the context of Asian welfare states and explores the future possibility of “Eurasian welfare research network”.

Keywords

Japan, health and social security policy, social security, transitional economies, developing countries, rapidly aging population, socioeconomic evolutions, asian welfare states, “Eurasian welfare research network”.

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